Linked Data

Linked Data LEAPS To More Sustainable Energy Sources

leapspixAt the IESD14 (Intelligent Exploration of Semantic Data) challenge at this week’s ISWC 2014, the award was handed out to LEAPS: A Semantic Web and Linked Data Framework for the Algal Biomass Domain. The application is the work of Monika Solanki, while at the Knowledge-Based Engineering Lab at Birmingham City University in the UK.

The motivation, according to slides about the project, relates to the idea that algae biomass-based biofuels could serve as a naturally viable and sustainable energy source alternative to fossil fuels. While many companies, governments and non-profit agencies have been researching the idea, knowledge gathered exists in diverse formats and proprietary databases. What’s lacking has been a knowledge level infrastructure that is equipped with the capabilities to provide semantic grounding to the datasets for algal biomass, the slides note.

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Scope Unveils New Enhanced Version of SemantiCz

scopeChennai, India – Scope e-Knowledge Center (Scope), a leading provider of knowledge services and a Quatrro Global Services company, is pleased to announce the release of an enhanced version of its content enrichment solution SemantiCz™. Advanced text mining and ontology based semantic tagging are some of the key features of the enhanced version that help to generate relationships with precise, subject-specific contextual accuracy.

[Read our previous coverage of SemantiCz.]

While retaining all the capabilities of the previous version, SemantiCz 2.0 has been enhanced to:

• Manage multiple versions of domain specific ontologies and vocabularies in various languages. Read more

Web Payments Interest Group Takes Flight

w3cdomainThe World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has launched an initiative to integrate payments seamlessly into the Open Web Platform, the collection of open technologies such as HTML, HTTP, and various APIs that enable the Web. It’s asking for industry stakeholders, such as banks, credit card companies, governments and others, to join the new Web Payments Interest Group, chaired by Erik Anderson (Bloomberg) and David Ezell (Association for Convenience & Fuel Retailing), to help deepen understanding of challenges and how to meet them with the appropriate solutions to move e-commerce forward, including on mobile devices.

The Interest Group’s goals include improving usability across devices and reducing the risk of fraud, as well as creating new opportunities for businesses and consumers in areas such as coupons and loyalty programs and crypto-currencies. On its agenda is creating a Web Payments Roadmap, determining Web Payments terminology, dealing with payment transaction messaging and identity, authentication and security. As part of its work, the new group is charged with creating a framework to ensure that Web applications can interface in standard ways with all current and future payment methods, and will encompass the full range of devices people use for online payments.

First up, the W3C says, is a focus on digital wallets, “which many in industry consider an effective way to reduce fraud and improve privacy by having users share sensitive information only with payment providers, rather than merchants,” according to the release. “In addition, wallets can simplify transactions from mobile devices and make it easier to integrate new payment innovations.”

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New World War I Encyclopedia Relies on Semantic MediaWiki

19141918onlineHeritage Daily recently reported, “A comprehensive, English-language, open access encyclopedia of what was deemed the ‘Great War’ was introduced and released on Wednesday 8th October, in Brussels. The project ‘1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War’ is managed by researchers at Freie Universität Berlin in cooperation with the Bavarian State Library. It is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG). The encyclopaedia combines the latest historical research with the many advantages of the Semantic Web. The content was written and compiled by 1,000 experts from 54 countries, and is continuously being updated and expanded.” The encyclopedia can be accessed here. Read more

NSF Awards $15M to DataONE Environmental Linked Data Project

dataoneMary Martialay of RPI News reports, “The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $15 million to a team of environmental and earth science data researchers, including researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, who are providing tools and infrastructure that improve access to vast amounts of scientific data. As part of the project, Rensselaer will provide semantic technology leadership to help improve scientific discovery, said Deborah McGuinness, director of the Rensselaer Web Science Center,  and Tetherless World Senior Constellation Chair and professor of computer science and cognitive science at Rensselaer.” Read more

Bringing the Semantic Web to the World of Grant Management

1535960661_80f6d8efb7Jay Shah of Federal Times recently wrote, “In January 2014 a survey of more than 200 nonprofit and public-sector professionals found that three out of every four grant-seeking organizations is dependent on federal funds. With competition this fierce, federal grant managers are tasked with a heavy evaluation load. At the same time, Semantic Web and linked-data technologies are changing the way we access and interact with complex data environments, allowing for faster, more cost-efficient analysis and a shorter road to discovering substantive correlations.” Read more

Bringing the Power of the Cloud to Research Libraries

5810163712_ac8a7f249e_zResearch Information recently wrote, “There are several potential benefits to libraries of using cloud-based resources and services. These include increased efficiencies, opportunities for collaboration, decreased need for in-house technical expertise, cost savings, and more timely access to the latest IT functionality. The cloud also promises improved workflow, automated software updates, redundancy, and back-ups. ‘Libraries have a real need for efficiency in processing operations, notably combining maintenance of print and electronic content in a single set of workflows,’ said [Jane] Burke [VP of Market Development at ProQuest]. ‘The new model systems offer unified workflows for all types of content within a single solution.  They also offer the platform to provide qualitative benefits, such as a centralised knowledgebase.  A robust knowledgebase is critical to delivering unified collection management.’” Read more

It’s Time for Developers to Take Linked Data Seriously

9965173654_7bf862d89d_nCandice McMillan of Programmable Web reports, “If you aren’t familiar with linked data or the Semantic Web, it’s probably a good time to get better acquainted with the concepts, as it seems to be a popular theme that is rippling through the Web development world, with promises of exciting possibilities. At this year’s APIcon in London, Markus Lanthaler, inventor of Hydra and one of the core designers of JSON-LD, talked about the importance of optimizing data architecture for an integrated future, focusing on linked data as a promising solution.” Read more

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Turns Ten

odnbDavid Hill Radcliffe of the OUPblog recently wrote, “The publication of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography in September 2004 was a milestone in the history of scholarship, not least for crossing from print to digital publication. Prior to this moment a small army of biographers, myself among them, had worked almost entirely from paper sources, including the stately volumes of the first, Victorian ‘DNB’ and its 20th-century print supplement volumes. But the Oxford DNB of 2004 was conceived from the outset as a database and published online as web pages, not paper pages reproduced in facsimile. In doing away with the page image as a means of structuring digital information, the online ODNB made an important step which scholarly monographs and articles might do well to emulate.” Read more

Want a music suggestion? Just ask DJ Twitter.

screen shot of a seevl hack in action via Alexandre Passant.Alexandre Passant, founder of seevl, which we have covered before, has hacked together a cool proof of concept. He describes the project as using “Twitter As A Service,” and it leverages Twitter, YouTube, and the seevl API. As Passant describes, “The result is a twitter bot, running under our @seevl handle, which accepts a few (controlled) natural-language queries and replies with an appropriate track, embedded in a Tweet via a YouTube card.”

He continues, “As it’s all Twitter-based, not only you can send messages, but you can have a conversation with your virtual DJ.”

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