Thomas Claburn of Information Week recently opined, “The ‘right to be forgotten,’ recognized in Article 17 of the European Union’s revision of its 1995 data protection rules, is at once admirable and asinine. Forgetfulness is often a prerequisite for forgiveness, and there are many instances when an individual or an organization deserves forgiveness. It wouldn’t be particularly helpful if a search for ‘IBM,’ for example, returned as its top result a link to a website about the company’s business with the Nazi regime. Forgetfulness is enshrined in judicial practices like the sealing of court records for juvenile offenders. It has real social value. European lawmakers are right to recognize this, but their attempt to force forgetfulness on Internet companies is horribly misguided. The right to be forgotten will cause real social harm, to say nothing of the economic and moral cost.” Read more
Posts Tagged ‘European Union’
The last few months have been witness to the Ukraine crisis, with antigovernment demonstrations in the wake of former President Viktor Yanukovych tightening ties with the Kremlin, his fleeing the country following a rebellion against him, and the annexation of Crimea by Russia. Tensions continue between Ukraine, which plans new presidential elections for May 25, and Russia. Just today, the mayor of Kharkiv, reportedly an opponent of the pro-West protests, was shot in the back, while the U.S. is imposing new sanctions on Russian government officials, including two members of President Putin’s inner circle and 17 companies linked to that inner circle.
Obviously, there are big issues at stake here about sovereignty and nation destabilization, but the situation also has implications for the IT sector. That includes the advancement of semantic projects around the world.
The Semantic Web Blog, for example, recently heard from a contractor working on a semantic project for a website that the effort has fallen a bit behind schedule due to, among other things, geopolitical events. One of its developers was a Russian national working in Ukraine who left the country when Putin annexed Crimea, he said.
Another source who preferred to remain anonymous, and whose semantic technology and IT outsourcing company is located in another Eastern European country, said that his company has already been contacted by a few businesses in the U.S. that had been securing services from software companies in both the Ukraine and Russia. Because of the situation, he said, these companies told him that they are now exploring their options in Eastern European countries that are members of the European Union. In such locations, including his home country, they can find great engineers and still quite competitive rates on the labor side, he noted.
That said, it was clear that that wasn’t the road to new business that this semantic tech executive prefers to travel down, as he noted that World War II and the Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe is still within the living memory of people in these countries.
EU Initiative OpenCube partner consortium to develop software tools for publishing and reusing Linked Open Statistical Data
Thermi, Thessaloniki, Greece, January 14th, 2014 – A consortium of partners headed by the Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), recently launched the OpenCube project, an EU Initiative for Publishing and Enriching Linked Open Statistical Data for the Development of Data Analytics and Enhanced Visualization Services. The project intends to make Linked Open Statistical Data (LOSD) more accessible to publishers and users and to facilitate mining these data so as to enable the extraction of interesting and previously hidden insights. As part of the project, these innovative new technologies will be tested at four pilot sites: three government agencies from across Europe and a large financial institution.
Linked Statistical Data
Governments, organizations and companies are increasingly releasing their data for others to reuse. A major part of open data concerns statistics, such as population figures and economic and social indicators. Analysis of statistical open data can create value for citizens and businesses in areas ranging from business intelligence to epidemiological studies and evidence-based policy-making.
Recently, Linked Data emerged as a promising paradigm to enable use of the web as a platform for data integration. Linked Statistical Data has been proposed as the most suitable way to publish open data on the web. However, publishing and mining LOSD faces particular challenges as it requires appropriate tools and methods.
There’s a growing focus on the opportunity for semantic technology to help out with managing media assets – and with making money off of them, too. Last week, The Semantic Web Blog covered the EU-funded project Media Mixer for repurposing and reusing media fragments across borders on the Web. Also hailing from Europe – France, to be exact – is Perfect Memory, which aims to support the content management, automatic indexing and asset monetizing of large-scale multimedia.
Perfect Memory, which was a finalist at this spring’s SemTechBiz semantic start-up competition, has implemented its platform at Belgian TV broadcaster and radio RTBF, for its GEMS semantic-based multimedia browser prototype that was a runner-up at IBC 2013 this fall. In September it also received a 600K Euro investment from SOFIMAC Partners to extend its development efforts, platform, and market segments, as well as protect its innovations with patent filings.
“Our idea is to reinvent media asset management systems,” says Steny Solitude, CEO of Perfect Memory.
When you hear Media Mixer, you might be thinking of a visual artist who works with different materials to create his or her works, or perhaps someone involved in audio production. You may not immediately think of the semantic web, Linked Data, or their role in making it easy to reuse and manage the copyrights for online media fragments.
Time to rethink your definition. The Media Mixer project is indeed about making the Web of Media a reality with the help of media fragment detection and semantic annotation, in conjunction with copyright management that is integrated into the Web fabric, using Linked Data principles and reasoning based on a Copyright Ontology. At the Semantic Technology & Business Conference in NYC earlier this month, Roberto Garcia Associate, Professor at Universitat de Lleida and principal investigator at MediaMixer, discussed the EU-funded effort to create, repurpose and reuse media fragments across borders on the Web, and its goal of making media more valuable for its owners such as video producers, hosters and redistributors, and more useful for consumers.
Cordis News recently wrote, “An EU-funded project has developed an innovative online tool that will enable web-content providers to automatically create publishing-quality translations. This tool has been calibrated to apply to specific professional fields, yet requires no specific training to use. A number of online translation tools are currently available to the public. Some programmes are already used by many people worldwide, and improve the quality of their translations through machine learning. In other words, these systems use feedback to learn from their own mistakes. The disadvantage to this, however, is that explicit grammatical rules are the exception rather than the rule.” Read more
Anna Leach of the Wall Street Journal reports, “New scientific research must be published for free online, the vice-president of the European Commission said, in a move designed to increase the knowledge pool open to small business and lead to more innovative products. All scientists receiving European Union funding will have to publish their results in an open-access format, Neelie Kroes, the commissioner responsible for Europe’s digital agenda, said Monday in Stockholm. Ms. Kroes also launched the global Research Data Alliance — a group committed to pooling and co-ordinating scientific data so it can be shared better.”
Leach continues, “Opening up scientific research is good for small business, said Victor Henning, CEO of British startup Mendeley, which aims to make academic research more connected. He has noticed the demand for access to academic research from small businesses. Read more
2011 Knight News Challenge Winner Lucy Chambers recently wrote, “As a journalist, to understand European Union institutions, policies and commitments, you have to look where the money goes and understand who affects the money flow in the EU. As the influence of Brussels lobbyists grows, it is increasingly important to draw the connections between lobbying, policy-making and funding. The EU publishes information on its spending and also maintains a transparency register. These, however, are difficult for journalists and citizens to use. With OpenSpending, we set out to use the power of technology to catalyze greater government transparency by providing new tools for media and citizens to more easily access government data in searchable, sortable and machine readable formats.” Read more
KISTI (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information) and MOJ (Ministry of Justice of Korea) have provided a W3C Semantic Web Case Study on an intelligent Legislation Support System (iLaw). The system integrates legislation texts and academic articles from the USA, Japan, the European Union Countries, and Korea using Semantic Web technologies. Using locally developed ontologies, iLaw provides further relationships, shows trends and related hierarchical information connected with a legal term to local government departments; in doing so, iLaw helps legislators to review bills or legal cases in a wider, more comprehensive and international legal framework.
Introduction to the AXIS-CRM and to its implementation
1. The AXIS-Conceptual Reference Model
A new modular and tailorable approach for the semantic modeling of static and dynamic knowledge has been elaborated under the name “AXIS Conceptual Reference Model” (AXIS-CRM). AXIS organizes that modeling as networks of Autonomous Semantic Objects (ASO). In turn, each ASO is expressed as a network of Elementary Semantic Entities (ESE). The ASO wraps the instances and their models to becomes ‘autonomous’. At Elementary Semantic Entity level (simply called ‘Entities’) the modeling uses four leveled constructors: Term; Document; Relation; Profile. The knowledge models and their instances are represented by a collection of Documents (among with the OWL files expressing the models) bundled by a Configuration Management Document (based on RDF). These collections are semantic Entities that can represent any topical subject or object. These Entities are linked through typed Relations. The dynamic aspects (events) and the imports / exports are also managed by dedicated Entities.
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