Posts Tagged ‘linked data’

Let Semantic Tech Help You Plan Your Summer Fun

edamampixMemorial Day brought with it the official kickoff of summer! Along with that comes everything from outside living to family vacations.

Semantic technology can be part of the fun. Over the next couple of days we’ll look at some ways it can chip in. Let’s start with food as you start thinking about the summer BBQs. There are semantic solutions that can help on various fronts here. Edamam, for example, has built a food ontology that classifies ingredients, nutrients and food that it applies to recipes it scrapes from the web with the help of its natural language processing and machine learning functions.

As you’re breaking out the grill, you can break out the smartphone or iPad to search for grilled burger recipes that incorporate tomatoes in the 200 to 400 calorie range, for example, and take your pick of ranch salmon, Portobello mushroom, turkey with spiced tomato chutney or the classic beef with garden vegetables, for instance. “The nutrition information we append to recipes using natural language processing. This translates into people being able to filter recipes by diet/calories/allergies and be a bit more health-conscious this summer,” says Victor Penev, Edamam founder and CEO.

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Data.gov Turns Five

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Nextgov reports, “When government technology leaders first described a public repository for government data sets more than five years ago, the vision wasn’t totally clear. ‘I just didn’t understand what they were talking about,’ said Marion Royal of the General Services Administration, describing his first introduction to the project. ‘I was thinking, ‘this is not going to work for a number of reasons.’’ A few minutes later, he was the project’s program director. He caught onto and helped clarify that vision and since then has worked with a small team to help shepherd online and aggregate more than 100,000 data sets compiled and hosted by agencies across federal, state and local governments.” Read more

Easing The Way To Linked Open Data In The Geosciences Domain

ocenapixThe OceanLink Project is bringing semantic technology to the geosciences domain – and it’s doing it with the idea in mind of not forcing that community to have to become experts in semtech in order to realize value from its implementation. Project lead Tom Narock of Marymount University, who recently participated in an online webinar that discussed how semantics is being implemented to integrate ocean science data repositories, library holdings, conference abstracts, and funded research awards, noted that this effort is “tackling a particular problem in ocean sciences, but [can be part of a] more general change for researchers in discovering and integrating interdisciplinary resources, [when you] need to do federated and complex searches of available resources.”

The project has an interest in using more formal, stronger semantics – working with OWL, RDF, reasoners – but also an acknowledgement that a steeper learning curve comes with the territory. How to balance that with what the community is able to implement and use? The answer: “In addition to exposing our data using semantic technologies, a big part of Oceanlink is building cyber infrastructure that will help lessen the burden on our end users.”

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The Importance of the Semantic Web To Our Cultural Heritage

oldmasterpaintingEarlier this year The Semantic Web Blog reported that the Getty Research Institute has released the Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) as Linked Open Data. One of the external advisors to its work was Vladimir Alexiev, who leads the Data and Ontology Management group at Ontotext and works on many projects related to cultural heritage.

Ontotext’s OWLIM family of semantic repositories supports large-scale knowledge bases of rich semantic information, and powerful reasoning. The company, for example, did the first working implementation of CIDOC CRM search; CIDOC CRM is one of these rich ontologies for cultural heritage.

We caught up with Alexiev recently to gain some insight into semantic technology’s role in representing the cultural heritage sphere. Here are some of his thoughts about why it’s important for cultural institutions to adopt Linked Open Data and semantic technologies to enhance our digital understanding of cultural heritage objects and information:

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IBM Watson is Going to the Dermatologist

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Neal Ungerleider of Fast Company reports, “Big Blue wants you to get to know Watson better. And now that means you could soon encounter the super-computer in a most intimate place–your dermatologist’s office. Early last year IBM announced plans to invest $1 billion into its cognitive-computing platform Watson. That money included $100 million in venture capital for companies developing new ways to use Watson. Today IBM reveals that one of the companies they are investing in will bring artificial intelligence into dermatologists’ offices. Modernizing Medicine, a Florida-based firm which produces iPad software for electronic medical record-keeping, is partnering with IBM to integrate Watson into their software package for dermatologists.” Read more

How The Huffington Post Uses Semantic Technology

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Alastair Reid of Journalism.co.uk reports, “In the last two and a half years, The Huffington Post has launched in 11 markets and doubled traffic to its sites from 45 million to 90 million unique monthly visitors. Jimmy Maymann, chief executive of The Huffington Post, shared those figures while speaking at the Reuters’s Institute Big Data for Media conference in London today. For Maymann, the key is using data to improve reader experience, a tactic that will bring both editorial and business benefits. ‘Because of how media has changed in the last five years with social and search we’ve gone from producing 500 to 1,600 news stories every day,’ Maymann told delegates, and editors have access to data that can inform newsroom decisions in a real-time analytics dashboard. The content is ‘optimised’ by data, he said, so the editor can understand reader habits better and respond accordingly.” Read more

WorldCat Releases 197 Million Nuggets of Linked Data

worldcatRichard Wallis of OCLC reports on his Data Liberate blog, “A couple of months back I spoke about the preview release of Works data from WorldCat.org.  Today OCLC published a press release announcing the official release of 197 million descriptions of bibliographic Works. A Work is a high-level description of a resource, containing information such as author, name, descriptions, subjects etc., common to all editions of the work.  The description format is based upon some of the properties defined by the CreativeWork type from the Schema.org vocabulary.  In the case of a WorldCat Work description, it also contains [Linked Data] links to individual, OCLC numbered, editions already shared from WorldCat.org.” Read more

University Libraries Adopts VIVO Application for Faculty Collaboration

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Marketing and Communications, April 10, 2014 — The Texas A&M University Libraries is preparing to launch VIVO, a web-based community of research profiles to enhance faculty collaboration. By providing standard research profiles for all university faculty and graduate students, researchers can discover and contact individuals with similar interests whether they are across campus or at another VIVO institution. The data entry and standardization will continue through the summer with the VIVO debut planned for Open Access Week in October 2014.  Read more

Rewarding Improved Access to Linked Data

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A new paper out of the Semantic Web journal shares a proposed system, Five Stars of Linked Data Vocabulary Use. The paper was written by Krzysztof Janowicz, Pascal Hitzler, Benjamin Adams, Dave Kolas, and Charles Vardeman II. The abstract states, “In 2010 Tim Berners-Lee introduced a 5 star rating to his Linked Data design issues page to encourage data publishers along the road to good Linked Data. What makes the star rating so effective is its simplicity, clarity, and a pinch of psychology — is your data 5 star?” Read more

Why Librarians Should Embrace Linked Data

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David Stuart of Research Information recently wrote, “If libraries are to realise the value of the data they have been building and refining over many years, then it is not enough for them to just embrace the web of documents, they must also embrace the web of data. The associated technologies may seem complex and impenetrable but the idea of libraries embracing the web of data doesn’t have to mean that every librarian has to embrace every bit of technology. The web of data refers to the publication of data online in a machine-readable format, so that individual pieces of information can be both linked to and read automatically.” Read more

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