Posts Tagged ‘Ontology’

Semantic Annotation Comes To Home Automation

Courtesy: Flickr/ Moyan_Brenn

Courtesy: Flickr/ Moyan_Brenn

Everyone knows The Clapper for turning electric equipment on and off, right? Sing along: “Clap-on, clap-off….The Clapper.”

Things have come a long way since then, with security, energy management, and more coming along to help turn the average house into a smarter home. Now comes a chance to take things to another level, with semantic-based resource discovery and orchestration in home and building automation. Research led by Michele Ruta, assistant professor at Technical University of Bari, takes on the challenge of bringing together the worlds of semantic web and automation in order to improve what Ruta says are very poor user interaction scenarios.

How? In home automation solutions today, he says, the user is limited to very basic scenarios and very static interaction that requires pre-programming the capabilities the home can assume. “It should be possible to have dynamic interaction, more intelligent interaction with the user, and decisions should be done according to user interest, to a user’s profile,” Ruta says. Semantic technology can be called upon to annotate users’ profiles, interests, and needs against home automation profile options, and make the match between them, he says.

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Off Semantic Tech Goes Into The Wild Blue Yonder

rsz_amprimeLook, up in the sky! It’s a bird, it’s a plane, no – it’s an Amazon drone!

Admittedly, Amazon Prime Air’s unmanned aerial vehicles in commercial use are still a little ways off. But such technology – along with other recent innovations, such as the use of unmanned aircraft in crop-dusting or even Department of Homeland Security border applications, or future capabilities to extend the notion of auto-piloting in passenger airplanes using autonomous machine logic to control airspace and spacing between planes –needs to be accounted for in terms of its impact on the air space. The Next-Generation Air Transportation System is taking on the change in the management and operation of the national air transportation system.

And semantic technology, natural language processing, and machine learning, too, will have a hand in helping out, by fostering collaboration among the agencies that will be working together to develop the system, including the Federal Aviation Administration, the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, under the coordination of the Joint Planning and Development Office. These agencies will need to leverage each other’s knowledge and research, as well as ensure – as necessary – data privacy.

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Interest Grows In Riding The Semantic Wave

Image Courtesy: Flickr/ Peter Kaminski

Image Courtesy: Flickr/ Peter Kaminski

Industry leaders in sectors including banking and financial services look to have high hopes for semantic technology. They’re thinking about FIBO (Financial Industry Business Ontology) and leveraging semantic technology for more traditional types of data integration and analytics projects. At Cognizant, Thomas Kelly, a director in its Enterprise Information Management practice – and the author of this white paper on How Semantic Technology Drives Agile Business – sees the positive development that clients in the Fortune 500 space like these “are maturing in their use of semantic technology, from a project focus to more enterprise initiatives.”

The interest in FIBO, he says, is representative of an overall interest across in industries in leveraging industry ontologies as mechanisms to help companies better standardize, align and learn from the output of industry-wide efforts. The attention that industry analysts, including Gartner, have put on the semantic web in the last year – not to mention regulators beginning to consider its use in sharing information on a regulatory basis – have helped increase interest by commercial organizations, Kelly notes. That’s also evident in the life sciences sector, as another example, with the efforts of the FDA/PhUSE  Semantic Technology Working Group Project to include a draft set of existing CDISC standards in RDF.

The pickup in attention to many things semantic ties to the different perspectives that organizations need to manage about their data, which include “how they currently think of their data, how it is currently perceived in managing business operations; and where they are looking to go in the future that makes it more inclusive of what’s going on in the world outside their walls – that is, how the rest of the industry looks at this data and uses it to support their business processes,” he says.

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Hello 2014 (Part 2)

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Courtesy: Flickr/faul

Picking up from where we left off yesterday, we continue exploring where 2014 may take us in the world of semantics, Linked and Smart Data, content analytics, and so much more.

Marco Neumann, CEO and co-founder, KONA and director, Lotico: On the technology side I am personally looking forward to make use of the new RDF1.1 implementations and the new SPARQL end-point deployment solutions in 2014 The Semantic Web idea is here to stay, though you might call it by a different name (again) in 2014.

Bill Roberts, CEO, Swirrl:   Looking forward to 2014, I see a growing use of Linked Data in open data ‘production’ systems, as opposed to proofs of concept, pilots and test systems.  I expect good progress on taking Linked Data out of the hands of specialists to be used by a broader group of data users.

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Hello 2014

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Courtesy: Flickr/Wonderlane

Yesterday we said a fond farewell to 2013. Today, we look ahead to the New Year, with the help, once again, of our panel of experts:

Phil Archer, Data Activity Lead, W3C:

For me the new Working Groups (WG) are the focus. I think the CSV on the Web WG is going to be an important step in making more data interoperable with Sem Web.

I’d also like to draw attention to the upcoming Linking Geospatial Data workshop in London in March. There have been lots of attempts to use Geospatial data with Linked Data, notably GeoSPARQL of course. But it’s not always easy. We need to make it easier to publish and use data that includes geocoding in some fashion along with the power and functionality of Geospatial Information systems. The workshop brings together W3C, OGC, the UK government [Linked Data Working Group], Ordnance Survey and the geospatial department at Google. It’s going to be big!

[And about] JSON-LD: It’s JSON so Web developers love it, and it’s RDF. I am hopeful that more and more JSON will actually be JSON-LD. Then everyone should be happy.

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Senzari’s MusicGraph APIs Look To Enhance Musical Journeys

MusicGraph image

News came the other week that Senzari had announced the MusicGraph knowledge engine for music. The Semantic Web Blog had a chance to learn a little bit more about it what’s underway thanks to a chat with Senzari’s COO Demian Bellumio.

MusicGraph used to go by the geekier name of Adaptable Music Parallel Processing Platform, or AMP3 for short, for helping users control their Internet radio. “We wanted to put more knowledge into our graph. The idea was we have really cool and interesting data that is ontologically connected in ways never done before,” says Bellumio. “We wanted to put it out in the world and let the world leverage it, and MusicGraph is a production of that vision.”

Since its announcement earlier this month about launching the consumer version on the Firefox OS platform that lets users make complex queries about music and learn and then listen to results, Senzari has submitted its technology to be offered for the iOS, Android, and Windows Mobile platforms.  “You can ask anything you can think of in the music realm. We connect about 1 billion different points to respond to these queries,” he says. Its data covers more than twenty million songs, connected to millions of individual albums and artists across all genres, with extracted information on everything from keys to concept extractions derived from lyrics.

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Help For HealthCare: Mapping Unstructured Clinical Notes To ICD-10 Coding Schemes

Photo of Amit ShethThe health care industry – and the American citizenry at large – has been focused of late on the problems surrounding the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, the federal website’s issues foremost among them. But believe it or not, there are other things the healthcare industry needs to prepare for, among them the October 1, 2014 date for replacing the World Health Organization’s International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems ICD-9 code sets used to report medical diagnoses and inpatient procedures by ICD-10 code sets. ICD-9 uses 14,000 diagnosis codes which will increase to 68,000 in ICD-10, which is a HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) code set requirement.

Natural language processing has had the primary role in many solutions aimed at transforming large volumes of unstructured clinical data into information that healthcare IT application vendors and their hospital customers can leverage. But there’s an argument being made that understanding unstructured text of clinical notes that contain a huge stash of information and then mapping them to fine-grained ICD-10 coding schemes requires a combination of NLP, advanced linguistics, machine learning and semantic web technologies, and Amit Sheth, professor of computer science and engineering at Wright State University and director of the Kno.e.sis Center is making them. (See our story yesterday for a look at how the NLP market is evolving overall, including in healthcare.)

“ICD-10 has thousands of codes with millions of possible permutations and combinations. A rule-based approach is not effective to cover the huge number of ICD-10 codes.” Sheth says. Extracting the correct concepts, identifying the relationship between these concepts and mapping them to the correct code is a major challenge, with codes often formed by information from various sections of a clinical document that itself is subject to individual physicians’ style of recording information, among other factors.

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Sem Tech Solution For Materials Design And Development Wins Small Business Innovation Research Grant

rsz_matontoA Small Business Innovation Research grant, sponsored by the U.S. Air Force through the Office of the Secretary of Defense, has gone to a semantic technology solution for materials design and development. The project is aligned with the Materials Genome Initiative  that’s targeted to accelerate the pace of discovery and deployment of advanced material systems.

“This will help to showcase the semantic web technologies and methodologies in a large and meaningful domain and application area,” says Sam Chance, Innovation Evangelist and Special Programs Lead at iNovex Information Systems, which is the principal investigator and technical agent for development and integration for the project that will leverage W3C semantic standards. The project also includes as team members the University of Queensland, Penn State University, SRI International’s Materials Laboratory, and with Cambridge Semantics for access to its semantic tools to be bootstrapped onto the solution.

The University of Queensland brings to the effort a high-level domain ontology to represent structured knowledge about materials, their structure and properties and the processing steps involved in their composition and engineering, as well as certain case studies and data sources around jet fuels for hypersonic flight that are considered part of the materials design domain. The group at Penn State has been involved with the Materials Genome Initiative and also brings to the work particular case studies and data sources, this time for materials with nickel alloy as the base system. SRI has case studies and data sources for turbine blade coating.

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Ontology Launches Partner Programme to Recruit Data Integration Specialists

ontologyLondon, 30 Oct 2013 — Ontology Systems, the semantic search company for enterprise application data, today announces the launch of its partner programme, aimed at recruiting data integration specialists across the globe. Ontology, which provides technology that replaces traditional lengthy integration projects by making enterprise data 100% consumable and accessible, offers lower risk, cost and improved innovation to organisations. It is looking to expand from its heritage in the telecommunications sector by recruiting partners that can help sectors make better use of their data. Read more

Monetize That Media: Media Mixer To Create Web-Wide Market For Media Fragment Reuse

rsz_robertopixWhen you hear Media Mixer, you might be thinking of a visual artist who works with different materials to create his or her works, or perhaps someone involved in audio production. You may not immediately think of the semantic web, Linked Data, or their role in making it easy to reuse and manage the copyrights for online media fragments.

Time to rethink your definition. The Media Mixer project is indeed about making the Web of Media a reality with the help of media fragment detection and semantic annotation, in conjunction with copyright management that is integrated into the Web fabric, using Linked Data principles and reasoning based on a Copyright Ontology. At the Semantic Technology & Business Conference in NYC earlier this month, Roberto Garcia Associate, Professor at Universitat de Lleida and principal investigator at  MediaMixer, discussed the EU-funded effort to create, repurpose and reuse media fragments across borders on the Web, and its goal of making media more valuable for its owners such as video producers, hosters and redistributors, and more useful for consumers.

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