Posts Tagged ‘open access’

Tim Berners-Lee Discusses Dynamic Capabilities of HTML5, Open Web Access

In a recent interview with the BBC, Sir Tim Berners-Lee described what he believes will be the dynamic future of the web. The article states, “Sir Tim Berners Lee, the man credited with inventing the world wide web, has said that he sees the internet becoming more dynamic with web pages able to do “more amazing things” as technology advances. He spoke to the BBC’s Jon Sopel from Davos, Switzerland, where political and business leaders have gathered for the World Economic Forum.” Read more

Martin Weller on the Open Access Swindle

Martin Weller of the Open Knowledge Foundation recently discussed what he refers to as the “great open access swindle.” He writes, “Just to be clear from the outset, I am an advocate for open access, and long ago took a stance to only publish OA and to only review for OA. I’m not suggesting here that open access is itself a swindle, but rather that the current implementation, in particular commercial publishers adopting Gold OA, is problematic. In my digital scholarship book, I made two pleas, the first was for open access publishing, and the second was for scholars to own the process of change. On this second point, the book ends thus:” Read more

Researcher Graph Helps Academics, Institutions Understand Works’ Influence

The “publish or perish” model of the academic world has pretty much followed the same pattern since the middle of the last century. It’s about a seven-year time-span from the a researcher’s original “ah-ha” moment, to the publishing of her paper, to the point where a critical mass of citations are formally gathered around it, as others read the work and cite it in their own research, says Andrea Michalek, co-founder of startup Plum Analytics.

“Clearly the world moves much, much faster than that now,” she says, with researchers posting slides online of talks about their work even before it’s published, and tweets referencing those discussions and linking back to the content, for example. “All this data exhaust is happening in advance of researchers’ getting those cited-by counts,” she says, and once a paper is published, the opportunities for online references to it grow.

Read more

Linked Data Influencer Under Indictment For Data Theft

The U.S. government on Tuesday unsealed an indictment of Aaron Swartz, who helped to develop standards and tutorials for Linked Open Data, on charges including computer intrusion, fraud, and data theft in computer hacking incidents that targeted the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and JSTOR, a not-for-profit archive of scientific journals and academic work.

If convicted, the 24-year old Swartz, a Harvard researcher who worked on the Linked Data standards while serving on the W3C’s RDF Core Working Group, could serve up to 35 years in prison and face a fine of as much as $1 million. Swartz, among other things, also co-founded Reddit and was Metadata Advisor to the nonprofit Creative Commons and coauthor of the RSS 1.0 spec.

Read more

Semantic Wave Hits STM Publishing, Part 3: Semantic Future

Horizons.jpg

In this science fiction exercise I make some assumptions of what technologies will become mainstream in the medium term and what this will do to the current STM publishing landscape.

I am being deliberately vague on time lines as it is impossible to predict when change will happen. By “medium term” I am thinking in the 3 to 10 year time horizon that venture capitalists and start-up entrepreneurs need to build substantial value. This is the start-up timing horizon.

We use the start-up timing horizon, as this is not just science fiction fun, this enables scenario planning. Or, to put it in more popular terms, this enables you to “skate to where the puck is going.”

(Photo: Flickr/Michael in South London)

Read more

Semantic Wave Hits STM Publishing, Part 1: Current Cash Cows

WWW.jpgWhen Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the protocols that became the Web in 1991, he was thinking mainly about scientific information. He would have been surprised to learn that in 2010, music, dating and shopping had been completely changed but that scientific publishing had NOT been fundamentally disrupted. The disruption of STM (Scientific, Technical, Medical) publishing has been the most forecasted event that never happened. In a further irony, the peer review process at the heart of STM publishing became the inspiration for Google Page Rank. That changed the web and made $ billions but left STM publishing mostly unaffected.

So STM Publishing is currently only in Act 2 of the Creative Destruction 7 Act Play. The old guard players are firmly in place and the few innovators are like straws blowing in the wind of change. The debate about when we will move to the later acts, when disruptive change will finally happen, rages within the STM business. Our view is that we ARE on the cusp of disruptive change and that it will be brought on by the implementation of social networking and semantic technology.

Read more