Posts Tagged ‘researchers’

MIT, UW Researchers Develop System that Can Solve Word Problems

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Alexander Saltarin of Tech Times reports, “Computer science researchers have developed a new computer system that has the capability of solving word problems automatically. The new system was developed by researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with the help of other researchers from the University of Washington. Most of the research to develop the new system was conducted at the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in the MIT. Linguistic problems have always been a tricky subject for computer scientists. Unlike math, which is considered by many experts as a pure and accurate ‘language,’ computers often have difficulties in understanding the sometimes vague and confusing languages that humans use on a daily basis. However, the new computer system can actually be used to solve word problems often seen in basic math lessons at schools.” Read more

Stanford Researchers Develop Tool for Semantically Interpreting Medical Images

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Lia Steakley of the Scope Blog recently wrote, “A web-based tool created by researchers at Stanford enables physicians and researchers to better interpret the wealth of data contained in medical images by capturing information in a way that is explicit and computationally accessible. The tool, called electronic Physician Annotation Device (ePAD), was developed by the Rubin Lab at the School of Medicine and is available to download for free. Daniel Rubin, MD, an assistant professor of radiology, and his team initially designed ePAD in response to an unmet need in cancer imaging, but he says the tool can be used more generally quantitatively evaluate images and characterize disease.” Read more

Microsoft Research and the Machine Learning Future

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Larry Greenemeier of Scientific American recently wrote, “Microsoft is also searching for a new chief executive for the first time in nearly 14 years, someone who can help restore at least some of the company’s former luster through skillful management and, perhaps more important, someone who has the ability to develop groundbreaking new technologies. Microsoft Research’s role in the latter is paramount. The organization’s 1,100 researchers across 13 labs around the world—a 14th opens next summer in Brazil—are working on a broad swath of projects that cut across several disciplines, ranging from basic research to software algorithms and computer science theory to more pragmatic examinations of how machine-learning and speech-recognition technologies can improve Windows Phone and Xbox.” Read more

Building a Disaster-Relief App Quickly with RDF

MIT

Larry Hardesty of RD Mag reports, “Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and the Qatar Computing Research Institute have developed new tools that allow people with minimal programming skill to rapidly build cellphone applications that can help with disaster relief. The tools are an extension of the App Inventor, open-source software that enables nonprogrammers to create applications for devices running Google’s Android operating system by snapping together color-coded graphical components. Based on decades of MIT research, the App Inventor was initially a Google product, but it was later rereleased as open-source software managed by MIT.” Read more

DERI Researchers Spearhead ‘Puzzled by Policy’ Project

Marie Madden of the Galway Independent reports, “Researchers at the Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI) in NUI Galway are leading a multi-million euro European Union initiative aimed at government transparency and giving citizens a voice in creating policies. The project, entitled ‘Puzzled by Policy’ has now launched a new widget (http://join.puzzledbypolicy.eu) that provides a fun way for users to find out about immigration policy and become actively involved in the immigration policy-making process. This unique widget encourages users to explore their opinions on various immigration topics, as well as enabling them to see how their views compare to those of policy-makers, NGOs, and other immigration stakeholders.” Read more

Using Semantic Technology to Find ‘Green Fields’ in Life Science

Code-N Technology reports, “In response to the life science industry’s cry for improved research technology, Code-N Technology, Inc. is announcing an early access program to its cloud-based software that empowers scientists to quickly discover new opportunities for drug candidates. Chemists looking to find ‘green fields’ of opportunity not yet claimed by their competition can access the Green Field Finder and perform concept-based searches that deliver results orders of magnitude faster than other commercial products.” Read more

A Better Antibiotic Through Semantic Interoperability

Grace Rattue reports that, “Researchers in Europe have developed a new system which could help in the war on resistance to antibiotics” using ICT technology and a semantic interoperability framework. Rattue explains, “According to the World Health Organization, approximately 440,000 new cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis emerge each year, resulting in at least 150,000 deaths… Dr. Dirk Colaert, Chief Medical Officer at Agfa HealthCare in Belgium, said: ‘Clinically, antimicrobial resistance is a huge challenge. Pharmaceutical companies simply can’t come up with new antibiotics fast enough to counter the resistance of bacteria to existing antibiotics and medications. By definition, it’s a war that can’t be won by antibiotics alone.’ Antibiotic resistance occurs when strains of bacteria in the human body evolve and adapt to resist the treatment. The resistance is made worse by some factors, such as the improper use and abuse of antibiotics. Dr. Colaert explained ‘On top of new antibiotics, we need new tools to apply antibiotics more smartly’.” Read more

Sharing Data in the Biotech Community

Vivien Marx of Nature.com reports, “In January, over 50 researchers from 30 academic and commercial organizations agreed on a standard for describing data sets. The BioSharing initiative, comprising both researchers and publishers, launched the Investigation-Study-Assay (ISA) Commons, which promises to streamline data sharing among different databases. Life scientists have thousands of databases, over 300 terminologies and more than 120 exchange formats at their disposal, says BioSharing co-founder Susanna-Assunta Sansone of the University of Oxford. In this era of collaborative big science, researchers only move forward by ‘walking together.’ Although increased data sharing is central to scientific progress and is attracting attention from many quarters, standards are only some of the stars that must align to make it possible.” Read more

Elsevier Enhances SciVal Strata

Elsevier recently announced that the company “has added a new enhancement to SciVal Strata, a web-based performance evaluation tool that allows users to conduct highly customized performance assessments of research teams and individual researchers. The new functionality provides the capacity for objective assessment of a specific selection of a researcher’s work in addition to their complete publication output. This option is critical when selecting the most impactful papers to be submitted for various government or institutional assessments. In addition the enhanced functionality will prove useful to individuals applying for grants and showing funders the impact of the research they supported.” Read more

When it Comes to Data Management on the Semantic Web, HBase has the Edge

Researchers at the University of Texas – Pan American have found that HBase “has the edge in data management for next generation Internet and cloud computing users.” The article states, “An open-source, non-relational database written in Java that can scale to thousands of servers, HBase makes many features of Google’s proprietary, high-performance distributed storage system BigTable available to the programming community. It also features a fail-safe library that runs ‘on top of’ a server cluster — a global architecture that detects and handles failures at the local level before they spread.” Read more

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